Sandwiches en la Torre de la Vela

Asociacionismo, libertad y comida rápida, por Jahd

27 de Diciembre 2005

El muro de los aranceles contra el cemento

O cómo el proteccionismo se revela una vez más como uno de los peores enemigos de un pais, incluso de los EEUU:


UP AGAINST THE CEMENT WALL; The U.S. has a cement shortage, but high tariffs and hardening positions have kept Mexican manufacturers at bay

THIS YEAR'S HURRICANES WERE strong enough to knock out levees, flatten buildings, and flood cities along the Gulf Coast. But they couldn't blow away the high trade barriers that are keeping Mexican cement out of the U.S. And that could make efforts to rebuild New Orleans and other devastated areas much more expensive, as contractors scramble to find supplies.

Home builders, general contractors, and concrete mixers in the U.S. have been complaining about a shortage of cement for the past two years. Mexico has an excess capacity of more than eight million tons, but a 55% tariff on cement imported from America's neighbor to the south has effectively kept the product out. The tariff was imposed in 1990, after Mexican manufacturers started selling cement in the U.S. for as little as half as much as they charged in Mexico. In purely economic terms, that made sense: Mexican producers had excess capacity, and the U.S. had excess demand. But in international trade terms, selling products for cheap abroad is considered dumping, which is grounds for levying tariffs. A group of cement suppliers with plants in southern states from Georgia to California petitioned U.S. trade authorities and were rewarded with the biggest tariff ever imposed in an anti-dumping case.

A leerlo entero, que es cortito pero un muy buen ejemplo de como las, en principio, buenas intenciones de los políticos de proteger las industrias de un pais son un arma de doble filo que terminan perjudicando siempre a los propios ciudadanos.