Sandwiches en la Torre de la Vela

Asociacionismo, libertad y comida rápida, por Jahd

23 de Octubre 2004

La Duma lo ha ratificado

La Duma ha ratificado la firma de Putin del odioso protocolo de Kyoto:

La Duma ratifica el respaldo de Rusia al protocolo de Kioto y EEUU mantiene su rechazo al tratado

De acuerdo con la decisión del Gobierno de Vladimir Putin, los diputados rusos de la Duma han aprobado el proyecto de ley para ratificar el Protocolo de Kioto, un voto histórico que salva el acuerdo internacional para combatir el cambio climático. Por su parte, EEUU ha anunciado que no tiene intención de ratificar el tratado.

El texto aún debe ser ratificado por la cámara alta del Parlamento y por el presidente Vladimir Putin, que lo enviará a la ONU, depositaria del tratado. Entonces, la ratificación de Rusia será oficial aunque no será efectiva hasta tres meses después debido al plazo de registro de 90 días.

"Estoy seguro de que mis colegas lo apoyarán. El Gobierno se guía por el pragmatismo político. Al aprobar el protocolo, Rusia condiciona su apoyo a una serie de consecuencias de su ratificación que serán ventajas para el país", señaló Serguéi Mironov, presidente del Senado.

¿A qué pragmatismo político y consecuencias ventajosas se refiere Mironov? Ya lo apuntó hace algunas semanas Bonner R. Cohen, del National Center, en Ft. Wayne News-Sentinel:

The draconian cutbacks in future energy consumption mandated by Kyoto certainly would thwart Russia's lofty goal of doubling its Gross National Product by the end of this decade.

While Putin's decision has received enthusiastic applause from the global environmental community, it also has touched off widespread speculation about his motives.

The wily former spymaster may well be setting Kyoto's proponents up for one of history's grandest double-crosses by signing the treaty and grabbing the billions of dollars in promised payoffs with no intention of ever living up to its terms.

After all, the only way for the European Union or the United Nations to really determine if Russia is complying with Kyoto is to site thousands of monitors on the ground in a vast territory that spans six time zones - or to rely on Russian self-certification.
[...]
No one is his right mind thinks that Putin is stupid enough to actually believe that Russia will gain real benefits by scrupulously observing Kyoto's guidelines.

If Russia cynically proceeds to ratify Kyoto, however, the treaty would go into effect in signatory nations - an action that undoubtedly would have severe economic ramifications for the United States.
[...]
By imposing higher costs and lower profits on U.S. enterprises overseas, America's chief trading rivals could put the brakes on our full-throttle economic recovery.
[...]
"Any rollback in emissions necessarily would throw some very large grains of sand in the gears of the U.S. economy, the biggest energy user in the world," Bray noted earlier this month. That would permit Europe's moribund socialist economies to regain worldwide competitiveness without enduring the political pain of rolling back government handouts.

And it would allow Russia's dynamic brand of state capitalism to move forward at the expense of U.S. workers. If a Russian double-cross is imminent, Putin, alone among the world's leaders, will have a found a way to milk Kyoto for his own benefit.

(via The Commons Blog)

Así es más fácil entender por qué Putin está dispuesto a arriesgar (o hacer ver como si arriesgase) la prosperidad de su pais. Ahora las cosas empiezan a cuadrar.