Sandwiches en la Torre de la Vela

Asociacionismo, libertad y comida rápida, por Jahd

24 de Junio 2004

Los "deberes" de occidente

O "tareas de casa": permitir al resto del mundo disfrutar de la prosperidad que tenemos aquí, a pesar de nuestros gobiernos. Así lo entiende Thomas Friedman en su columna de hoy del New York Times:

Doing Our Homework

When I was growing up, my parents used to say to me: "Finish your dinner — people in China are starving." I, by contrast, find myself wanting to say to my daughters: "Finish your homework — people in China and India are starving for your job."

That thought struck me in a visit to Dalian, a port city in northeastern China. It is not just impressive for a Chinese city. With its wide boulevards, beautiful green spaces and nexus of universities, technical colleges and a massive software park, Dalian would stand out in Silicon Valley.

Dalian symbolizes how much China's most modern cities — and there are still plenty of miserable, backward ones — are rapidly grabbing business as knowledge centers, not just manufacturing hubs. No, Toto, they are not just making tennis shoes here. Try G.E., Microsoft, Dell, SAP, H.P., Sony and Accenture, which are setting up back-room operations here for Asian companies and software R.& D. centers.

Sólo estos dos párrafos me sugieren ya dos cosas: la prosperidad que trae el capitalismo (en forma de empresas del primer mundo que se trasladan al tercero) trae formación y cultura para esas gentes, y un entorno más saludable: cambian los barrios de chabolas por avenidas y zonas verdes.

"We have 22 universities and colleges with over 200,000 students in Dalian," the city's mayor, Xia Deren, told me. More than half graduate with engineering or science degrees, and even those who don't are directed to spend a year studying Japanese or English and computer science.
"Chinese people first were the employees and working for the big foreign manufacturers. And after several years, after we have learned all the processes and steps, we can start our own firms. Software will go down the same road. . . . First we will have our young people employed by the foreigners, and then we will start our own. It is like building a building. Today, the U.S., you are the designers, the architects, and the developing countries are the bricklayers for the buildings. But one day, I hope, we will be the architects."

Y otra cosa más importante aún:

Although Japan is still deeply resented for its wartime abuses in China, young Chinese have not let that stop them from working as data-entry technicians, software programmers or call-center operators for Japanese companies — some 2,800 have set up in Dalian — in order to get onto the first rung of the high-tech ladder.

Cuando los paises pueden comerciar libremente con mercancías, conocimientos y puestos de trabajo, la guerra entre ellos se hace innecesaria e indeseable para sus habitantes.