Sandwiches en la Torre de la Vela

Asociacionismo, libertad y comida rápida, por Jahd

17 de Abril 2004

De Irak a China pasando por Birmania

La lectura de algunas noticias y artículos de opinión en el Washington Post de ayer/hoy (por aquello de la diferencia horaria) nos muestra como el camino hacia la libertad aún tiene que asfaltarse varios miles de Km.

Empecemos por Irak, artículo de Charles Krathammer:

This Is Hardly Vietnam
[...]
It was inevitable that Iraq would be compared to Vietnam. Indeed, the current comparisons are hardly new. During our astonishingly fast dash to Baghdad, taking the capital in 21 days, the chorus of naysayers was calling Iraq a quagmire on Day Eight! It was not Vietnam then. It is not Vietnam now.

First, rather than inherit a failed (French) imperialism, we liberated the country from a deeply reviled tyrant. Yes, pockets such as Fallujah, which prospered under the tyrant, do not like the fact that those days are over. And they are resisting. But they represent a fraction of a fraction (only a sixth of Iraqis are Sunni Arabs) of the population.

El autor analiza las grandes diferencias entre las guerras de Irak y Vietnam, en contra de aquellos que ven en cada nueva intervención de los EEUU un nuevo Vietnam. Termina haciendo una propuesta para Irak:

This is no time for despair. We must put down the two rebellions -- Fallujah's and Sadr's -- to demonstrate our seriousness, and then transfer power as quickly as we can to those who will inherit it anyway, the Shiite majority, with its long history of religious quietism and wariness of Iran.

Hacemos parada ahora en Birmania. Fred Hiatt nos recuerda la tragedia de este pais comparándola con la solución de Sudáfrica:

No Excuse for Inaction on Burma

On the 10th anniversary of South Africa's peaceful transition from apartheid to majority rule, outsiders may want to congratulate themselves. After all, didn't we all stand with Nelson Mandela, imposing economic sanctions until the white-minority regime gave in?
[...]
Self-congratulation is particularly misplaced when so many nations are slinking away from a moral challenge not all that different from the one presented by South Africa before 1994. No two situations are identical, but Burma, a Southeast Asian nation of 50 million people, presents some striking similarities:
[...]
• Egregious violations of human rights.[...]
• A viable political alternative with moral authority.[...]
• Support for sanctions from the people who know best.[...]
• Experts ready to blame the democrats.[...]

"When we called for international action, we were often scorned, disregarded or disappointed," Archbishop Desmond Tutu recently recalled. But, he said, dismantling apartheid required international pressure, as will promoting democracy in Burma: "Sadly, tyrants choose not to understand the language of diplomacy or constructive engagement, but rather respond only to the action of intense pressure and sanctions."

Finalmente, a Dick Cheney tampoco le tiembla la mano a la hora de exigir cambios en China:

Cheney Urges Increase in Freedoms for Chinese

In a speech broadcast on Chinese state television, Vice President Cheney on Thursday urged greater political freedom in China, arguing that permitting economic progress but smothering political aspirations can "breed the anger and radicalism that drag down whole nations."
[...]
"Economic growth is important in allowing individuals to lead lives of comfort and dignity, but material goods alone cannot satisfy the deepest yearnings of the human heart; that can only come with full freedom of religion, speech, assembly and conscience."
[...]
But large sections of the speech were aimed at prodding the Chinese leaders on the limited political freedoms in China.
[...]
He specifically challenged the Chinese to look at the experience of their Asian neighbors, where he said "rising prosperity and expanding political freedom have gone hand in hand."
[...]
"Freedom is not divisible," Cheney declared. "If people can be trusted to invest and manage material assets, they will eventually ask why they cannot be trusted with decisions over what to say and what to believe. The insights that foster scientific discovery are not suddenly lost when the topic turns to society's ills."

Freedom, Cheney said, "is something that successful societies, and wise leaders, have learned to embrace rather than to fear. . . . Freedom has a power all its own, requiring no propaganda to find recruits and no indoctrination to keep believers in line."